Cockroaches like warm, dark and moist environments. They hide in cracks and crevices and are active at night. They feed on almost anything with nutritive value including all food humans consume; and other stuff such as soap, glue, toothpaste, paper, leather and excrement. Depending on species, they can be small or large in size.
This species is red-brown, 3 – 4 cm long. They are the most common species found in the Western Cape and are seen most often around houses, in cabinets, restaurants, grocery stores, sewers and rubbish dumps.
This looks like the American cockroach but is darker brown with yellow markings on the thorax. It prefers to feed on plant materials such as leaf litter.
These cockroaches are much darker than the American and the Australian species. The colour varies from dark brown to black.
This species is amber-brown in colour and, at 1 – 2 cm long, the smallest of all. It does not fly. It likes warm and damp environments and is found in kitchens, store rooms, under sinks and cupboards, in drawers and furniture and around refrigerators.
To get rid of cockroaches, the factors that allow for its survival must be removed. It will help a great deal if you follow the following preventive steps.
- Keep food in tightly closed cabinets and containers.
- Don’t leave food waste in sinks, on tables or floors.
- Wash dishes and utensils after a meal; don’t leave overnight.
- Seal cracks and crevices in walls or floors with a proper sealant.
- Clear away old newspapers, boxes and cardboard cartons as cockroaches like to hide in these items.
- Inspect all incoming stock, crates and boxes for cockroaches and their egg cases before storage.
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